By Ricky Hussey
Baby’s vision plays a vital role in overall development. Though baby’s sight takes the maximum time to develop in the womb it shows fruitful results later. It has been found that at birth the baby’s vision is very weak
Though babies can distinguish between light and dark and show certain facial expressions when exposed to sunlight, they do have trouble seeing objects at further distances. Object at a distance of 30-35 centimeters are easy to see while 70-75 centimeters is not possible for the baby to see. To be more accurate babies can see objects only at a distance of 8-12 inches when just born.
At this time the child is only interested only in black and white objects. Baby’s vision at birth time can be considered as color blind. Color vision develops from the age of two to three months. Primary colors like red, green, and blue are visible to some babies from the very beginning. With age the ability to recognize colors increases.
It has been seen that the baby’s brain sets up neural networks in the early stages so that normal vision is obtained in the later time babies’ vision does not co-ordinate with the other body parts and senses in the early stages. It takes round about 3-4 months for the baby to develop a co-ordination of hands and sight. The ability to distinguish between more colors and depth of objects gradually increases over the duration of a year.
Baby’s vision can be developed by very easy and simple ways. Providing babies with visual toys gives lots of visual stimulation to baby. Stimulation helps to make eye muscle stronger and helps to provide a grip over eye control. These include moving trains, jumping monkeys, electronic or moving dolls and other such toys that also offer variety of colors.
Moving objects in about near dimensions and letting the baby to move his/her eyes with it, helps the baby to increase the capability of sight. The objects in the homes can be brought to the notice of the baby, and one will be surprised to know how the baby shows his liking and disliking through colors. The baby learns more through a complex object rather a simple one, by moving objects rather than still ones. Interesting patterns and three-dimensional objects should be provided in place of solids and two-dimensional objects respectively.
Later when the baby becomes 5-6 months old, the baby tries to move eyes in the direction of sound and colors. Eye contact with the baby helps to make bonds stronger.